Thursday, February 6, 2020
International business - Essay Example For example it was the company that dictated for the international market, what it needed to buy from Apple. Again, the international market did not have much choice in becoming the first users to new types of products. That is, Apple used the international market of offload most of its older products so that it could make way for new products to be introduced into the American market (Robertson, 2011). With the coming of Steve Jobs however, this approach changed as the international market was actually put at the centre of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s inventions and innovations. That is, instead of giving the international market what the company wanted to offer, there was enough research to know and understand the needs of the international market together with what the American market wanted. This way, the inventions that were made such as the iPod were made to meet the international demands. It is not surprising that with Steve Jobs at Apple, the company could now boast of a global marke t, where it is reported that nearly twice as many people outside the U.S were employed when the iPod was invested as those employed in the U.S (Freeland, 2011). In essence, the company positioned itself to take advantage of globalization. Once the global positioning was guaranteed through the approach to innovation which was research-led, Apple started developing very quickly. More to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s own approach to innovation was the technology based platform that Apple was offered as part of globalization to enhance its business growth. For example Bhagwati (2004) reported that the advent of electronic commerce (e-commerce) peaked around the early 2000s, making it easier for the company to be connected to the international market through the internet. As the elements of e-commerce provide, the company did not necessarily have to have a lot of offices across the globe before it could sell to the international market. Rather, a
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Analysis of The Lottery Essay The Lottery is a film based on the short story of the same name by Shirley Jackson. The story takes place in a small village, where the people held an anniversary activity of lottery. One person in the town is randomly chosen, and the person who got the lottery would be hit to death by stones for the sake of harvest of the following year. In my opinion, Ã¢â¬Å"The LotteryÃ¢â¬ is a surprise and horror story. The film begins under a friendly atmosphere. The people in the village are close and familiar with each other. Before the lottery, everyone seems in a peace mind and friendly to each other. For instance, Mrs. Hutchinson arrives late, just with an excuse of Ã¢â¬Å"forgetting what day it wasÃ¢â¬ . They talk to each other as usual give me a false impression that the lottery is an event similar as the square dance that is welcomed and festive. I expect that the winner of the lottery will receive a prize, money or something. Mr. Warner who was the eldest person in the town says with pride, Ã¢â¬Å"Seventy-seventh year I have been in the Lottery. Ã¢â¬ I always think the lottery is a pleasant event until the very moment Tessie screams when she sees her husband pick the black dot. The conclusion surprises me that the winnerÃ¢â¬â¢s fate is death by friends and family. With this conclusion, the film becomes a horror story. The film centers on the actions of each town people from an objective perspective to reflect the blind obedience, less of rationality and cruel coldness of human nature of the whole town people. In this mundane town, everyone knows each other. However, when Tessie receives the black spot, Mrs. Delacroix tells her, Ã¢â¬Å"Be a good sport Tessie. Ã¢â¬ PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s reflection to the cruel thing is quite cold-blooded. This film presents a weakness in human individuals. Lottery as such a terrible activity for so many years, with no objections or questions asked. Even someone doubts the lottery has been answered with Ã¢â¬Å"There has always been a lottery. Ã¢â¬ Even people may not be entirely comfortable with the event, but everyone still goes along with it. No one openly expresses fear or disgust toward the lottery. Even Tessie is friendly and pretending to be pleased to be present before she receives the black spot. I think if Tessie is not the target, she will also throw the stones to the winner. The film shows hypocrisy and human weakness in the small town. It is horrible when people always relying on the traditions, especially some brutal sacrificial ceremonies like the lottery. The holiday atmosphere and surprised conclusion of the lottery intensify the horror of the story. The horror of the lottery is not only the cruel behavior of the people, but also unconcerned reflection to the victim. They feel not guilt to the victim, and even excited when they throw the stones. The lurking evil of human kind is the most horror thing that reflected by the film.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Internet Security INTRODUCTION Many people today are familiar with the Internet and its use. A large number of its users however, are not aware of the security problems they face when using the Internet. Most users feel they are anonymous when on-line, yet in actuality they are not. There are some very easy ways to protect the user from future problems. The Internet has brought many advantages to its users but has also created some major problems. Most people believe that they are anonymous when they are using the Internet. Because of this thinking, they are not careful with what they do and where they go when on the "net." Security is a major issue with the Internet because the general public now has access to it. When only the government and higher education had access, there was no worry about credit card numbers and other types of important data being taken. There are many advantages the Internet brings to its users, but there are also many problems with the Internet security, especially when dealing with pers onal security, business security, and the government involvement to protect the users. THE INTERNET The Internet is a new, barely regulated frontier, and there are many reasons to be concerned with security. The same features that make the Internet so appealing such as interactivity, versatile communication, and customizability also make it an ideal way for someone to keep a careful watch on the user without them being aware of it (Lemmons 1). It may not seem like it, but it is completely possible to build a personal profile on someone just by tracking them in cyberspace. Every action a person does while logged onto the Internet is recorded somewhere (Boyan, Codel, and Parekh 3). An individual's personal security is the major issue surrounding the Internet. If a person cannot be secure and have privacy on the Internet, the whole system will fail. According to the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT), any web site can find out whose server and the location of the server a person used to get on the Internet, whether his computer is Windows or DOS based, and also the Internet browser that was used. This is the only information that can be taken legally. However, it can safely be assumed that in some cases much more data is actually taken (1). These are just a few of the many ways for people to find out the identity of an individu... ... to the FBI (Rothfeder, "November 1996 Feature" 4). CONCLUSION Security for the Internet is improving, it is just that the usage of the Internet is growing much faster. Security is a key issue for every user of the Internet and should be addressed before a person ever logs on to the "net". At best, all users should have passwords to protect themselves, and businesses need to put up firewalls at all points of entry. These are low cost security measures, which should not be over looked in a possible multi-billion dollar industry. BIBLIOGRAPHY Boyan, Justin and Eddie Codel and Sameer Parekh. Center for Democracy and Technology Web Page. Http://www.13x.com/cgi-bin/cdt/snoop.pl accessed January 26, 1997: 1-4. Heim, Judy. "Here's How." PC World Online January 1998: 1-3. Lemmons, Phil. "Up Front." PC World Online February 1998: 1-2. Methvin, David W. "Safety on the Net." Windows Magazine Online : 1-9. 1995 Feature PC World Online November 1-3. Pepper, Jon. "Better Safe Than Sorry." PC World Online October 1996: 1-2 Rothfeder, Jeffrey. "February 1997 Special Report." PC World Online : 1-6 Rothfeder, Jeffrey. "November 1996 Features." PC World Online: 1--6
Sunday, January 12, 2020
A majority amount of stories may have a similar trait to another piece of writing. A large amount of stories have been compared in ways such as theme, settings, characters, irony, and close evidence of foreshadowing. Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury and Ã¢â¬Å"There Will Come Soft Rains,Ã¢â¬ by Ray Bradbury are an example of similar stories by sharing some of the same qualities. These two readings can be said to be identical in some ways by containing a common idea of negative effects of war and the value of the natural world but can be contrasted by being consisted of two different kinds of main characters. Fahrenheit 451 shows these aspects throughout the novel. In Fahrenheit 451 Mrs. Phelps says, Anyway, Pete and I always said, no tears nothing like that. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s our third and weÃ¢â¬â¢re independent. Be independent, we always said. He said, if I get killed off, you just go right and donÃ¢â¬â¢t cry, but get married again, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t think of me. (Bradbury 95) This shows negative effects of war by saying that Mrs. Phelps shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t cry if her husband is killed and needs to get married again and be independent like her and her husband always said. This can be compared to all the wives who lose their husbands in war and become widows. In Fahrenheit it shows the value of the natural world. This is shown when Faber says, Ã¢â¬Å"NO, no, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not books at all youÃ¢â¬â¢re looking for! Take it where you can find it, in old phonograph records, old motion pictures, and in old friends; look for it in nature and look for it in yourselfÃ¢â¬ ( Bradbury 128). This shows that Faber values that natural and thinks everyone should look at it the way he does. Nature should be valued and many people take advantage of it in FaberÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion and even do it in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world. FahrenheitÃ¢â¬â¢s main character is Montag and is demonstrated With his symbolic helmet numbered 451 on his solid head, and his eyes all orange flame with- the thought of what came next, he flickered the igniter and the house jumped up in gorging fire that burned the evening sky red and yellow and black. (Bradbury 3) Montag is the main character who is the firefighter who ignites homes if they contain any books. This seems very odd because in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society Fireman are supposed to stop fires and save lives not start them. These three points of comparison and contrast are also shown in BradburyÃ¢â¬â¢s other story, Ã¢â¬Å"There Will Come Soft Rains.Ã¢â¬ The short story, Ã¢â¬Å"There Will Come Soft RainsÃ¢â¬ is similar to Fahrenheit 451 but readers can also see different aspects in both readings. Ã¢â¬Å"This house was the one home left standing. At night the ruined city gave off a radioactive glow which could be seen for milesÃ¢â¬ (Bradbury 615). Radioactive means that there was some type of nuclear weapon that destroyed the city. So the one home that was left became independent after everything was destroyed. Nature will live on even if man is gone and nothing is living on earth (Bradbury 615-617). This is shown by nature taking over this city after all men depart. All of the plants and trees are still living by themselves with no help from and will continue to grow on their own. Ã¢â¬Å"The house tried to save itself. Doors sprang tightly shut, but the windows were broken by the heat and the wind blew and sucked upon the fireÃ¢â¬ (Bradbury 618). The house was the main character because it was the only thing left in the city and was very significant. The house tried to save itself by fighting the fire and trying to stop it from burning it down just like our firefighters do today. Negative effects of war, value of the natural world, and main characters are all compared and contrasted in Fahrenheit 451 and Ã¢â¬Å"There Will Come Soft Rains.Ã¢â¬ Montag and the house were both the main characters from the different stories and could be said to be very different in many ways. Mrs. Phelps and her husband in Fahrenheit and the house in soft rains were both independent t and showed the trait of negative effects of war. The value of the natural world was shown in both stories by being mentioned many times and that people should real appreciate what it does for us and not take advantage of it. In the society of today, Americans dying and wives losing their husbands to violence in war is very visible and is a negative effect just as it is in both pieces of reading. In different eyes of readers these stories can be said to be similar and different in multiple ways.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
The purpose of the employee job appraisal is the measure the job performance. It is the process that management uses to determine how well an employee performs their job and communicated back to the employee. Employee appraisals provide companies with the metrics regarding the quality of work of each employee. It can also let you impartially compare several employees in areas where improvement is needed. The significance of an employee appraisal is that it is helpful in recognizing achievements and where development is needed. Also, it can be in helpful in motivating an employee to contribute more to their everyday job. There are several types of employee appraisals that can be used at any company. How can you determine which is the best method for job appraisals? Graphic Rating Scale Graphic Rating Scale is the most common and easiest way to evaluate an employee. This requires the employee to be graded on a scale of low to high (lower numbers being a poor performer and higher being an excellent performer) against their peers in several areas that have been pre-determined by the department and/or the Human Recourses department. The categories that a usually measured are the quality of work, teamwork, sense of responsibility, and ethics. (Chand A. s., n.d.) There is usually a minimum grade that must be achieved to determine if the employee poor, average, good, or excellent in each category. Some of the advantages in using this method is that it is easy to user friendly andShow MoreRelatedPerformance Evaluation of Nestle1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmeaning and concept of the 360 degree performance appraisal process. 2. To communicate or inform the participants about the weaknesses of the conventional system and how 360 degree system overcome these weak areas. 3. To provide necessary skills to plan and implement a 360-degree appraisal System in the organization. 360 Degree Appraisal System : A latest Ã¢â¬Å"performance management toolÃ¢â¬ is a 360 degree appraisal system. This process enables the individuals performance to be evaluated from an all aroundRead MorePerformance Appraisal Is Defined As A Systematic And Structured System For Measuring And Evaluating Job Related Behaviors953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPerformance appraisal is defined as a systematic and structured system for measuring and evaluating job related behaviours to discover reasons for performance and identify potential for the improvement of an individual, and eventually the performance of the organisation. (Singh, 2015) In this day and age of globalisation, managers tend to extensively use performance appraisals, as a measure of the productivity and effectiveness of the employees. In the case of a positive performance, the managerRead MoreConducting Performance Appraisals Essay1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages With performance appraisals becoming the new norm, their importance has grown, and t hey have become a way to evaluate candidates for job promotions and who gets saved during layoffs. Many different factors go into assessing and performing a performance appraisal; the first one is deciding at what level you need to start evaluating for a performance appraisal. The second factor to take into account is how do you measure your appraisal? Do you differentiate by candidate or who does moreRead MoreMerck Co. Performance Appraisal System1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBrief Background on Merck amp; Co. Performance Appraisal System The past and existing performance appraisal of Merck amp; Co. was ineffective to identify and reward performance to a certain extent. Although the company was paying their employees around seven to eight percent more than the average compensation in other large companies, the performance appraisal system did not clearly identified outstanding performance, which caused inequity in rewarding performance and led to unhappiness among theRead MoreImplementing a Performance Evaluation System1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Implementing a Performance Evaluation System Job performance is one of the most important factor in both organizational psychology and human resource management, for the last decade there have been growing interest in the development of knowledge about performance measurements in organizations, researchers have covered a wide range of areas surrounding the subject, like identification of problems and different approaches to measure performance. In organizationalRead MoreThe Employee Performance Appraisal : Three Key Components1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Employee Performance Appraisal: Three Crucial Components The Interviews and History Interviewed were five members of The Gaston County Human Resource Department (HR). HR is responsible for the recruitment of qualified employees. HR is also charged with keeping accurate and complete records for personnel administration, including health insurance, retirement benefits, workerÃ¢â¬â¢s compensation, accident pressing reports, and time and pay request. In addition HR is responsible for over seeing, maintainingRead MoreImproving Performance Appraisal For Employees1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImproving Performance Appraisal for Employees Introduction One of the most important things in a company or organization is the performance appraisals that are given to the employees, some management and upper management. A performance appraisal can give so much information not only to the employer but also to the employee. There are many different types of performance appraisal out there, also because every job is different the performance for the different. A performance appraisal is importantRead More leadership Essay755 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Performance appraisals are conducted yearly for each staff employee. Semiannual or quarterly reviews are recommended to foster better communication between supervisors and employees in assessing progress, jointly developing new plans and objectives, and clarifying expectations for the coming year. This process is designed to improve job understanding, promote more effective job performance, and establish future goals for career growth. Some goals of the performance appraisals are to provide staffRead MorePerformance Appraisals : Performance Appraisal865 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPerformance Appraisals Performance appraisals are used to rate several things in organizations in regards to employees and their performance. There are several types of performance appraisals that can be given. The textbook mentions three different types of data that performance appraisals collect. The types of data include trait data, behavioral data, and outcome data. Three types of performance appraisals that will be discussed further are the unstructured method, 360-degree feedback, and theRead MorePerformance Eval765 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespaper describing how effective performance appraisals can increase employee performance. This paper should include sections on the strategic advantages of performance appraisals, Potential forms of bias within the appraisal system, As well as how performance appraisals can contribute to the achievement of strategic objectives. Ã¢â¬Å"How effective performance appraisals can increase employee performanceÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Performance appraisals can enhance employee performance as well as advance the mission
Friday, December 27, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Dr. Jekyll and Mr. HydeÃ¢â¬ by Stevenson Book Analysis Ã¢â¬Å"North and SouthÃ¢â¬ by Gaskell Book Report Example of Literature Review essay, Sample Paper Introduction The literature of the Victorian period is the synonymy of oppositions. Some of the oppositions introduced by this period are to be considered Ã¢â¬Å"vitalÃ¢â¬ as they deal with the major human values. The list of the works known to be the best representations of the Victorian world outlook is very long; nevertheless some works are to be highlighted. Opposition is the core of StevensonÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Dr. Jekyll and Mr. HydeÃ¢â¬ . Its outstanding resolution and the struggle of two forces has become the embodiment of duality. Another works to mention is Mrs. GaskellÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"North and SouthÃ¢â¬ . Being based onÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This is the contradiction between the life that she has known in the South and the life she faces in the North. This is also a fight of the values, which dif fer in two different parts of the country. The equality of the South converts into the absence of rights in the North. The book also opposes two different feelings of the heroine. Belonging to the class of workers she is against their poverty and the way they are treated at the mill, at the same time she is in love with the owner of the mill. This converts into the confrontation of two different social classes. The insolubility of all these oppositions makes the heroine want to come back to the old ways in Helstone. But when she doesÃ¢â¬ ¦ She realizes that everything changes and that her way of life is not the only possible and perfect one. She reconciles the oppositions with the awareness of achieving the balance through having the ability to help the Ã¢â¬Å"poorÃ¢â¬ people, even now belonging to the upper class. The reader also faces the opposition of the upper class cruelty and the understanding that there people inside the class that do want to be equitable. The nature of t ensions of the books It is not surprising to see that both of the book have common aspects and the primary aspects of course the social one. The both deal with the basic Victorian Ã¢â¬Å"discoveriesÃ¢â¬ . StevensonÃ¢â¬â¢s: One person, being a solid creature may still have two different parts, two opposite identities, that struggle forShow MoreRelatedCharacteristics Of Victorian Literature1437 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Are the Victorians Romantics? Characteristics of Victorian literature are largely artists that are inspired by both the art that came before them and the event that occurred during the time that they were working. Victorian literature is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the triumph of right over wrong, which do in part can be hard to decipher at times. This means that a piece of work can seem Victoria, but may not have been written in the Victorian era, or something canRead MoreGender Inequalities in Victorian England: Robert BrowningÃ¢â¬â¢s PorphyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s Lover984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages end in cruel, cold-blooded murder? Good evening and welcome to Poetry Break Down, IÃ¢â¬â¢m your host Mary Doe. Tonight, we will delve into the fascinating world of classic Victorian literature. Under the microscope is canonized poet, the late Robert Browning. BrowningÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry was a reflection of his life and times living in Victorian England. Later on this evening we will analyze just how his times came to play a major role in some of his greatest works, in particular his revered poem PorphyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s LoverRead MoreSimilarities and Differences Between the Romantic Age and the Victorian Period.1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSimilarities and differences between the Romantic Age and the Victorian Period. Similarities and Differences between the Romantic Age and the Victorian Period What were the similarities and differences between the Romantic Age and the Victorian Period? The Romantic Age and Victorian Period had many similarities, but they had far more differences. They first differed in rule: the Romantic Age didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a king or queen, but the Victorian Period did. They were similar and different in writing styles, andRead MoreJane Austens Influence in the Romantic Period958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRomantic Period [1800-1850]. Another factor that affected this Romantic Period was the end of the French Revolution . While the war was happening in France , many of the Philosopher, Jean-Jacques, influences began to reach England. Ã¢â¬Å"Jean Jacques suggested that humans in the state of nature are neither good nor evil and that it is society that corrupts humans or cultivates good citizensÃ¢â¬ (Miller). This theory of Apocalyptic was linked to the French Revolution. (Miller) The Victorian Era startedRead MoreCompare And Contrast Different Literature Periods1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEnglish Literature Periods Literature by definition according to Oxford dictionary is the written works, especially those considered of superior or lasting artistic merit. Literature has classified into several periods. Which has affected by the surrounding events in the society in each period like economic levels, war and peace. Literature is considering as a human creation is differing from the other because of the changing in the society and language development in every period. This essayRead MoreThe Romantic Age vs. The Victorian Period Essay1264 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRomantic Age and Victorian Period had many similarities, but they had just as many or more differences. They first differed in rule; the Romantic Age didnt have a king or queen, but they did during the Victorian Period. They were similar and different in writing styles, and beliefs. The Industrial Revolution also had a huge effect on both time periods. The Romantic Period was from 1784 until 1832, it brought a more brave, individual, and imaginative approach to both literature and life. DuringRead MoreBritish Literature : Final Exam1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBritish Literature II - Final Exam British Literature is filled with diverse and talented writers who through each period has brought something new to the table. Over the course of the term we have covered the Romantic period, the Victorian Age and the Modern period. Each period has had a hand in developing literature through to the modern age and each writer has influenced the next generation. To best examine each period of literature the paper will be split amongst the three major periods the courseRead MoreThe Romantic Period Of The Victorian Era1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBeltran English IV- C Ms. Gordon 18 March 2015 Research Paper Throughout history, many time periods have been similar and different from each other. People from each time period decide what they want to continue incorporating and what they would like to disregard. The Victorian Era was brought about upon to show rebellion from the Romantic period. The Victorian Era is a reaction against the Romantic Period due to differences in terms of historical influences, effects of science, crises of faith, andRead MoreThe Era Of The Victorian Era1565 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Victorian Era is a period prominent in harboring peace, prosperity as well as introducing the later shifts in industrial and political reforms. Queen Victoria a notable person of the era, began her reign in 1837 and influenced England by the values she encouraged. The Victorian Era is divided into four categories: Ã¢â¬Å"The Early Period is known as Ã¢â¬Å"A time of TroublesÃ¢â¬ , The Mid-Victorian Period, The Late Period and The Nineties.Ã¢â¬ (Stephen Greenblatt). The Nineties i s thoroughly separated among theRead MoreBritish Literature : Final Exam1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBritish Literature II - Final Exam British Literature is filled with diverse and talented writers who through each period has brought something new to the table. Over the course of the term we have covered the Romantic period, the Victorian Age and the Modern period. Each period has had a hand in developing literature through to the modern age and each writer has influenced the next generation. To best examine each period of literature the paper will be split amongst the three major periods the course
Thursday, December 19, 2019
It was 0400 at the staging area, the SEALs had shown up in four fully outfitted DPVÃ¢â¬â¢s (Desert Patrol Vehicles Ã¢â¬â Off road vehicles used for combat). Captain OÃ¢â¬â¢Hara wondered where the hell they had been keeping those. The plan was that the SEALs would for the most part move hard and fast to the museum and secure it, then hold it until the much larger Marine follow on force arrived. The Marine follow on force consisted of the entire Marine Company; they had pulled, temporarily, the Marine platoon from the school to help with this operation. The SEALs would leave at 0415 and they were itching to go, they were actually looking forward to it. The Marines in armored Humvees and two-half ton trucks, the old M-35Ã¢â¬â¢s, would follow thirtyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The mission was the museum; let the Marines deal with idiots that wanted to take them on and God help them if they did. If you can call if a benefit of the EMP event that it happened on a weekend l ate in the evening which meant there wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t a great deal of traffic on the roads. Post event, as they were finding out, it made getting down the roads they needed to quicker and less risky. The SEALs were driving the DPVÃ¢â¬â¢s balls out, while the others in the vehicles were looking for potential bad guys. At five miles out they hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t seen a living soul, at six and seven miles they had passed through two very small camps, they surprised the hell out of the occupants, they saw that several members of the camps were armed but the SEALs passed through them so quick that they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have time to react. They radioed back the information to the main convoy to be on the lookout for the armed civilians in the camps. At mile eight they entered a large camp that looked to have a population in the hundreds, they realized they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to go around it; their only option was to pass directly through it. The road passed through the center of it with al l sorts of tents, dwellings made of wood and cardboard, some people only had a tarp over them. The SEALs moved slowly through the camp, people were startled to say the least as seeing the